Relief with a Roman Emperor as Pharaoh. Romano-Egyptian, 80-200 CE. Within a shrine topped by a frieze of cobras, an unnamed Roman emperor in the guise of a pharaoh approaches the hawk-headed god Re-Horakhty. The pharaoh presents a basket containing the figure of Maat, Egyptian personification of world order. Above them is the winged griffin of Nemesis, Greek goddess of divine justice. These symbols convey the ruler’s power and responsibility to maintain lawfulness and cosmic harmony.